Manned spaceflight Space Traveller Log Part 1: A - G Part 2: H - O Part 3: P - Z Stats and trivia Space stations Orion Starliner Crew Dragon Soyuz MS Shenzhou Soyuz T/TM/TMA Space Shuttle Columbia acci-
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Mercury, Gemini & Apollo Vostok, Voskhod & Soyuz Suborbital astronaut
wings flights

Summary of Vostok, Voskhod and Soyuz missions

Note Throughout tables the European time format (day/month/year) is used; all times are UTC.

Mission Spacecraft Crew Mission duration [UTC] Landing site  Purpose / mission highlights / noticeable events
no. designation callsign (in English)   lift-off landing    
 
Vostok  
1 Vostok-1 Kedr (Cedar) 1 12/04/1961 12/04/1961 Engels Juri Gagarin's historic first flight; A-1 rocket; duration of 1 hr 48 min (1 orbit); bailout for landing
2 Vostok-2 Oryol (Eagle) 1 06/08/1961 07/08/1961 Krasny Kut first daylong mission; duration 1 day 1 hr 18 min (17 orbits); German Titov; bailout for landing
3 Vostok-3 Sokol (Falcon) 1 11/08/1962 15/08/1962 Karaganda first successful twin flight; rendezvous with Vostok-4; 3 days 22 hrs 22 min; Adrijan Nikolayev
4 Vostok-4 Berkut (Golden Eagle) 1 12/08/1962 15/08/1962 Karaganda rendezvous mission with Vostok-3; 2 days 22 hrs 57 min; Pavel Popovitsh
5 Vostok-5 Yastreb (Hawk) 1 14/06/1963 19/06/1963 Karaganda intended repeat of Vostok-3/-4 mission with Vostok-6; 4 days 23 hrs 6 min; Valeri Bykovski
6 Vostok-6 Chayka (Seagull) 1 16/06/1963 19/06/1963 Karaganda first woman in space; rendezvous with Vostok-5 fails; 2 days 22 hrs 50 min; Valentina Tereshkova
 

Mission Spacecraft Crew Mission duration [UTC] Landing site  Purpose / mission highlights / noticeable events
no. designation callsign (in English)   lift-off landing    
 
Voskhod  
1 Voskhod-1 Rubin (Ruby) 3 12/10/1964 13/10/1964 Karaganda first three men mission; A-2 rocket; duration 1 day 17 min; V. Komarov, K. Feoktisov, B. Jegorov
2 Voskhod-2 Almaz (Diamond) 2 18/03/1965 19/03/1965 Perm first extravehicular activity (EVA); disaster at reentry is narrowly avoided; P. Beljajev, A. Leonov
 

Mission Spacecraft Crew Mission duration [UTC] Landing site  Purpose / mission highlights / noticeable events
no. designation callsign (in English)   lift-off landing    
 
Soyuz  
1 Soyuz-1 Rubin (Ruby) 1 23/04/1967 24/04/1967 Orenburg Soyuz test flight ends with spacecraft in spin move failing to safely land at parachute, killing Vladimir Komarov
2 Soyuz-3 Argon (Argon) 1 26/10/1968 30/10/1968 Kazakhstan scheduled docking with unmanned Soyuz-2 spacecraft fails; 3 days 22 hrs 51 min; Georgy Beregovoi
3 Soyuz-4 Amur 1 / 3 14/01/1969 17/10/1969 Karaganda first successful Soyuz docking with on-orbit crew exchange; 2 days 23 hrs 2 min; V. Shatalov
4 Soyuz-5 Baikal 3 / 1 15/01/1969 18/10/1969 Kustana two cosmonauts change over to Soyuz-4; 3 days 8 hrs; B. Volynov, J. Chrunov, A. Jelissejev
5 Soyuz-6 Antey (Antaeus) 2 11/10/1969 16/10/1969 Kazakhstan first triple mission of Soyuz spacecraft; 4 days 22 hrs 42 min; G. Shonin, V. Kubassov
6 Soyuz-7 Buran (Blizzard) 3 12/10/1969 17/10/1969 Kazakhstan intended docking with Soyuz-8 fails; 4 days 22 hrs 41 min; A. Filiptshenko, V. Volkov, V. Gorbatko
7 Soyuz-8 Granit (Granite) 2 13/10/1969 18/10/1969 Kazakhstan test trials for first space station Salyut-1; 4 days 22 hrs 50 min; V. Shatalov, A. Jelissejev
8 Soyuz-9 Sokol (Falcon) 2 01/06/1970 19/06/1970 Karaganda long endurance flight beating Gemini-7 record; 17 days 17 hrs; A. Nikolajev, V. Sewastjanov
9 Soyuz-10 Granit (Granite) 3 23/04/1971 25/04/1971 Karaganda first docking with Salyut-1, but crew change over fails; V. Shatalov, A. Jelissejev, N. Rukavishnikov
10 Soyuz-11 Yantar (Amber) 3 06/06/1971 30/06/1971 Kazakhstan first visit to Salyut-1 space station; capsule depressurizes at reentry killing all three cosmonauts
11 Soyuz-12 Ural 2 27/09/1973 29/09/1973 Karaganda first test flight of redesigned (two men) Soyuz capsule; cosmonauts wear space suits during entire flight
12 Soyuz-13 Kavkaz (Caucasus) 2 18/12/1973 26/12/1973 Karaganda intensive Earth observation program during flight; older Soyuz model used
13 Soyuz-14 Berkut (Golden Eagle) 2 03/07/1974 19/07/1974 Kazakhstan first visit to (primarily) military Salyut-3 space station; new fitness concept for crew
14 Soyuz-15 Dunay (Danube) 2 26/08/1974 28/08/1974 Kazakhstan docking to Salyut-3 fails which leads to later loss of space station; first night landing
15 Soyuz-16 Buran (Blizzard) 2 02/12/1974 08/12/1974 Arkalyk test of docking system for ASTP (Apollo-Soyuz-Test-Program) mission; upgraded Soyuz capsule
16 Soyuz-17 Zenit (Zenith) 2 11/01/1975 09/02/1975 Tselinograd first visit to Salyut-4 space station; longest stay on a space station to date
17 Soyuz-18A (Soyuz 18-1) Ural 2 05/04/1975 05/04/1975 Altai mts. officially Soyuz 7K-T No.39; unintended stage separation forces launch abort, safely ends as ballistic flight near Chinese border
18 Soyuz-18 Kavkaz (Caucasus) 2 24/05/1975 26/07/1975 Kazakhstan second visit to Salyut-4 space station; intensive Earth observation and scientific tasks
19 Soyuz-19 EPAS (ASTP); Sojus (Soyuz) 2 15/07/1975 21/07/1975 Kazakhstan successful meeting with Apollo-ASTP capsule; 7 astro-/cosmonauts in three spacecraft in orbit at same time
20 Soyuz-21 Baikal 2 06/07/1976 24/08/1976 Kazakhstan first visit to military Salyut-5 space station; two Russian stations (Salyut-4 and -5) in orbit at same time
21 Soyuz-22 Yastreb (Hawk) 2 15/09/1976 23/09/1976 Kazakhstan military mission; surveillance flight monitoring NATO manoeuvre in Norway
22 Soyuz-23 Radon 2 14/10/1976 16/10/1976 Kazakhstan docking to Salyut-5 fails; storm forces capsule to land on a huge lake, where it's safely rescued
23 Soyuz-24 Terek 2 07/02/1977 25/02/1977 Arkalyk second and final visit to Salyut-5 space station; manual docking
24 Soyuz-25 Foton (Photon) 2 09/10/1977 11/10/1977 Kazakhstan first docking to redesigned Salyut-6 ultimately fails, even though mechanical connection is achieved
25 Soyuz-26 Taymyr 2 10/12/1977 16/03/1978 Kazakhstan long endurance record and meeting with second crew on Salyut-6; crew returns with Soyuz-27
26 Soyuz-27 Pamir 2 10/01/1978 16/01/1978 Kazakhstan two spacecraft docked to the same space station at the same time; crew returns with Soyuz-26
27 Soyuz-28 Zenit (Zenith) 2 02/03/1978 10/03/1978 Kazakhstan first Interkosmos mission with a czechoslovak cosmonaut (Vladimir Remek) visiting Salyut-6
28 Soyuz-29 Foton (Photon) 2 15/06/1978 02/11/1978 Kazakhstan 4th crew visiting Salyut-6; new long endurance record; crew returns with Soyuz-31
29 Soyuz-30 Kavkaz (Caucasus) 2 27/06/1978 05/07/1978 Kazakhstan second Interkosmos mission with a Polish cosmonaut (Miroslav Hermaszevski) on Salyut-6
30 Soyuz-31 Yastreb (Hawk) 2 26/08/1978 03/09/1978 Kazakhstan third Interkosmos misson with German cosmonaut (Sigmund Jaehn); crew returns with Soyuz-29
31 Soyuz-32 Proton 2 25/02/1979 19/08/1979 Kazakhstan 7th crew visiting Salyut-6; new long endurance record; crew returns with (unmanned) Soyuz-34
32 Soyuz-33 Saturn 2 10/04/1979 12/04/1979 Kazakhstan docking with Salyut-6 of 4th Interkosmos mission with Bulgarian cosmonaut (Georgy Ivanov) fails
33 Soyuz-35 Dnepr (Dnieper) 2 09/04/1980 11/10/1980 Kazakhstan 8th crew visiting Salyut-6; new long endurance record; crew returns with Soyuz-37
34 Soyuz-36 Orion 2 26/05/1980 03/06/1980 Kazakhstan 5th Interkosmos mission with Hungarian cosmonaut (Bertalan Farkas); crew returns with Soyuz-35
35 Soyuz-37 Terek 2 23/07/1980 31/07/1980 Kazakhstan 6th Interkosmos mission with Vietnamese cosmonaut (Pham Tuan); crew returns with Soyuz-36
36 Soyuz-38 Taymyr 2 18/09/1980 26/09/1980 Kazakhstan 7th Interkosmos mission with Cubanian cosmonaut (Arnoldo Mendez)
37 Soyuz-39 Pamir 2 22/03/1981 30/03/1981 Kazakhstan 8th Interkosmos mission with Mongolian cosmonaut (Shygderdemidyn Gurragtshaa)
38 Soyuz-40 Dnepr (Dnieper) 2 14/05/1981 22/05/1981 Kazakhstan 9th Interkosmos mission with Rumanian cosmonaut (Dumitru Prunariu)