Manned spaceflight Space Traveller Log Part 1: A - G Part 2: H - O Part 3: P - Z Stats and trivia Space stations Orion Starliner Crew Dragon Soyuz MS Shenzhou Soyuz T/TM/TMA Space Shuttle Columbia acci-
dent investigation
Mercury, Gemini & Apollo Vostok, Voskhod & Soyuz Suborbital astronaut
wings flights

Manned space stations

Last update: 06 October 2022

Designation /
alternate name(s)
Country of origin /
programme partners
Nominal orbital parameters
(apogee x perigee, inclination)
Pressurised
volume
Launch
(first segment)
De-orbit In service /
occupied
Successful visits
crewed spacecraft
Remarks
 
Salyut 1 (DOS-1) Soviet Union 222 km x 200 km, 51.60 99 m³ 19/04/1971 11/10/1971 24 days 1  
Almaz 101.1 – OPS-1 (Salyut 2) Soviet Union 278 km x 257 km, 51.60 99 m³ 03/04/1973 28/05/1973 0 0 severly damaged by debris from Proton-K's upper stage that had exploded three days after launch
Skylab USA 442 km x 434 km, 50.00 351.6 m³ 14/05/1973 11/07/1979 171 days 3  
Almaz 101.2 – OPS-2 (Salyut 3) Soviet Union 270 km x 219 km, 51.60 90 m³ 25/06/1974 24/01/1975 15 days 1  
Salyut 4 (DOS-4) Soviet Union 270 km x 219 km, 51.60 90 m³ 26/12/1974 03/02/1977 92 days 2  
Almaz 103 – OPS-3 (Salyut 5) Soviet Union 269 km x 223 km, 51.60 100 m³ 22/06/1976 08/08/1977 67 days 2  
Salyut 6 (DOS-5) Soviet Union 275 km x 219 km, 51.66 90 m³ 29/09/1977 29/07/1982 683 days 16 first "second generation" space station
Salyut 7 (DOS-6) Soviet Union 278 km x 219 km, 51.60 90 m³ 19/04/1982 07/02/1991 816 days 10 testbed for transition from monolithic to modular space stations
Mir Soviet Union (Russia) 374 km x 354 km, 51.60 350 m³ 20/02/1986 23/03/2001 4,592 days 39  
International Space Station (ISS) USA, Russia, EU, Japan, Canada 422 km x 418 km, 51.64 915.6 m³ 20/11/1998 > 21 years 110  
Tiangong 1 China 362 km x 355 km, 42.77 15 m³ 29/09/2011 02/04/2018 20 days 2  
Tiangong 2 China 378 km x 370 km, 42.79 15 m³ 15/09/2016 19/07/2019 26 days 1  
Tiangong Space Station China 395 km x 390 km, 41.58 110 m³ 29/04/2021 > 17 months 3  
DOS = Durable Orbital Station (civilian)  | OPS = Orbital Piloted Station (military) 190