Manned spaceflight Space Traveller Log Part 1: A - G Part 2: H - O Part 3: P - Z Stats and trivia Starliner Crew Dragon Soyuz MS Shenzhou Soyuz T/TM/TMA Space Shuttle Columbia acci-
dent investigation
Mercury, Gemini & Apollo Vostok, Voskhod & Soyuz Suborbital astronaut
wings flights

Space Traveller Log, Part 2 (H-O)

All astronauts, cosmonauts and taikonauts in space

Last update: 02 May 2021

 Abbreviations ASTP = Apollo-Soyuz Test Program | STS = Shuttle Transporter System | ISS = International Space Station | Pi = Pilot | MiSp = Mission Specialist (e.g. engineer, physician)
 Note Suborbital spacecraft flights (Mercury MR-3 and MR-4) and inflight aborts (Soyuz 18A, Soyuz-T 10) of missions are counted.
First time crew members in the Challenger catastrophe (C. McAuliffe, M. Smith) are listed as well, while Apollo 1 victim R. Chaffee is included for completeness, though not counted.
Also not counted as space flights are purely suborbital tourist flights. All X-15 and SpaceShipOne test flights are recorded as suborbital astronaut wings flights, though.

   To select by family name, click a letter:    A   B   C   D   E   F   G   |    H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   |    P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z
No. Name Year Country Total Active service Programme / Space station(s) Assignment / profession;
  [first name (nickname) surname] of birth (nation) flights (from - to) Spacecraft visited Remarks / mission events
 
  H  
Christopher Hadfield 1959 Canada 3 1995 - 2013 STS; Soyuz-TMA Mir; ISS MiSp
Tyler (Nick) Hague 1975 USA 2 2018 - Soyuz-MS ISS MiSp; Soyuz MS-10 launch abort
Claudie Haigneré
 (André-Deshays)
1957 France 2 1996 - 2001 Soyuz-TM Mir; ISS MiSp
Jean-Pierre Haigneré 1948 France 2 1993 - 1999 Soyuz-TM Mir MiSp
Fred Haise 1933 USA 1 1970 Apollo Pi; moon landing fails but Apollo 13 crew returns safely to Earth
James Halsell 1956 USA 5 1994 - 2000 STS Mir; ISS Pi
Kenneth Ham 1964 USA 2 2008 - 2010 STS ISS Pi
Lloyd Hammond 1952 USA 2 1991 - 1994 STS Pi
Gregory Harbaugh 1956 USA 4 1991 - 1997 STS Mir MiSp
Bernard Harris 1956 USA 2 1993 - 1995 STS Mir MiSp
Terry Hart 1946 USA 1 1984 STS MiSp
Henry Hartsfield † 1933 USA 3 1982 - 1985 STS Pi
Frederick Hauck 1941 USA 3 1983 - 1988 STS Pi
Steven Hawley 1951 USA 5 1984 - 1999 STS MiSp
Susan Helms 1958 USA 5 1993 - 2001 STS ISS MiSp
Karl Henize † 1926 USA 1 1985 STS MiSp
Thomas Hennen 1952 USA 1 1991 STS MiSp
Terence (Tom) Henricks 1952 USA 4 1991 - 1996 STS Pi
Miroslaw Hermaszewski 1941 Poland 1 1978 Soyuz Salyut 6 MiSp; second Interkosmos mission
José Hernández 1962 USA 1 2009 STS ISS MiSp
John Herrington 1958 USA 1 2002 STS ISS MiSp
Richard Hieb 1955 USA 3 1991 - 1994 STS MiSp
Joan Higginbotham 1964 USA 1 2006 STS ISS MiSp
David Hilmers 1950 USA 4 1985 - 1992 STS MiSp
Kathryn Hire 1959 USA 2 1998 - 2010 STS ISS MiSp
Charles Hobaugh 1961 USA 3 2001 - 2009 STS ISS Pi
Jeffrey Hoffman 1944 USA 5 1985 - 1996 STS MiSp
Michael Hopkins 1968 USA 2 2013 - Soyuz-TMA; Dragon ISS Pi & MiSp
Scott (Doc) Horowitz 1957 USA 4 1996 - 2001 STS ISS Pi
Akihito Hoshide 1968 Japan 3 2008 - STS; Soyuz-TMA; Dragon ISS MiSp
Millie Hughes-Fulford 1945 USA 1 1991 STS MiSp
Douglas Hurley 1966 USA 3 2009 - STS; Dragon ISS Pi
Rick Husband † 1957 USA 2 1999 - 2003 STS ISS Pi; died in shuttle Columbia re-entry accident (STS-107)
  I  
James Irwin † 1930 USA 1 1971 Apollo Pi
Aleksandr Ivanchenkov 1940 Russia 2 1978 - 1982 Soyuz; Soyuz-T Salyut 6 & 7 MiSp
Anatoli Ivanishin 1969 Russia 3 2011 - Soyuz-TMA/-MS ISS En
Georgi Ivanov 1940 Bulgaria 1 1979 Soyuz Salyut 6 MiSp; fourth Interkosmos mission
Marsha Ivins 1951 USA 5 1990 - 2001 STS Mir; ISS MiSp
  J  
Sigmund Jaehn † 1937 Germany 1 1978 Soyuz Salyut 6 MiSp; first (East) German cosmonaut in space; third Interkosmos misson
Gregory Jarvis † 1944 USA 1 1986 STS MiSp; died in shuttle Challenger explosion (STS 51-L)
Mae Jemison 1956 USA 1 1992 STS MiSp
Tamara Jernigan 1959 USA 5 1991 - 1999 STS ISS MiSp
Brent Jett 1958 USA 4 1996 - 2006 STS Mir; ISS Pi
Jing Haipeng 1966 China 3 2008 - Shenzou Tiangong 1 & 2 Pi
Gregory C. Johnson 1954 USA 1 2009 STS ISS Pi
Gregory H. Johnson 1962 USA 2 2008 - 2011 STS ISS Pi
Thomas Jones 1955 USA 4 1994 - 2001 STS ISS MiSp
  K  
Leonid Kadenyuk 1951 Ukraine 1 1997 STS Pi & MiSp
Aleksandr Kaleri 1956 Russia 5 1992 - 2011 Soyuz-TM/-TMA Mir; ISS MiSp
Norishige Kanai 1976 Japan 1 2017 - Soyuz-MS ISS MiSp
Janet Kavandi 1959 USA 3 1998 - 2001 STS Mir; ISS MiSp; member of final Shuttle/Mir mission
James (Vegas) Kelly 1964 USA 2 2001 - STS ISS Pi
Mark Kelly 1964 USA 4 2001 - 2011 STS ISS Pi
Scott Kelly 1964 USA 4 1999 - 2016 STS; Soyuz-TMA ISS Pi
Joseph Kerwin 1932 USA 1 1973 Apollo/Skylab 2 Skylab-1 Pi
Yevgeni Khrunov † 1933 Russia 1 1969 Soyuz Pi; docking with another Soyuz spacecraft
Susan Kilrain (Still) 1961 USA 2 1997 STS Pi
Robert Kimbrough 1967 USA 3 2008 - STS; Soyuz-MS; Dragon ISS MiSp
Leonid Kizim 1941 Ukraine 3 1980 - 1986 Soyuz-T Salyut 6 & 7; Mir Pi
Pyotr Klimuk 1942 Belorus 3 1973 - 1978 Soyuz Salyut 4 & 6 Pi
Christina Koch 1979 USA 1 2019 - Soyuz-MS ISS MiSp
Vladimir Komarov † 1927 Russia 2 1964 - 1967 Voskhod; Soyuz Pi; Soyuz 1 crashed at landing, killing the single cosmonaut
Yelena Kondakova 1957 Russia 2 1994 - 1997 Soyuz-TM; STS Mir MiSp
Dimitri Kondratyev 1969 Russia 1 2010/11 Soyuz-TMA ISS Pi
Oleg Kononenko 1964 Ukraine 4 2008 - Soyuz-TMA/-MS ISS Pi
Timothy Kopra 1963 USA 2 2009 - 2016 STS; Soyuz-TMA ISS MiSp
Mikhail Korniyenko 1960 Russia 2 2010 - Soyuz-TMA ISS MiSp
Valeri Korzun 1953 Russia 2 1996 - 2002 Soyuz-TM; STS Mir; ISS Pi & MiSp
Oleg Kotov 1965 Russia 3 2007 - Soyuz-TMA ISS MiSp
Vladimir Kovalyonok 1942 Belorus 3 1977 - 1981 Soyuz; Soyuz-T Salyut 6 Pi
Konstantin Kozeyev 1967 Russia 1 2001 Soyuz-TM ISS MiSp
Kevin Kregel 1956 USA 4 1995 - 2000 STS Pi
Sergei Krikalyov 1958 Russia 6 1988 - 2005 Soyuz-TM/-TMA; STS Mir; ISS MiSp; member of the first ISS Expedition Crew
Valeri Kubasov 1935 Russia 3 1969 - 1980 Soyuz; ASTP Salyut 6 MiSp
Sergey Kud-Sverchkov 1983 Russia 1 2020 - Soyuz-MS ISS En
André Kuipers 1958 Netherlands 2 2004 - 2012 Soyuz-TMA ISS MiSp
  L  
Guy Laliberté 1959 Cannda 1 2009 Soyuz-TMA ISS Space tourist
Aleksandr Laveykin 1951 Russia 1 1987 Soyuz-TM Mir MiSp
Wendy Lawrence 1959 USA 4 1995 - 2005 STS Mir; ISS MiSp
Vasili Lazarev † 1928 Russia 2 1973 - 1975 Soyuz MiSp
Aleksandr Lazutkin 1957 Russia 1 1997 Soyuz-TM Mir MiSp
Valentin Lebedev 1942 Russia 2 1973 - 1982 Soyuz; Soyuz-T Salyut 7 MiSp
Mark Lee 1952 USA 4 1989 - 1997 STS MiSp
David Leestma 1949 USA 3 1984 - 1992 STS MiSp
William Lenoir 1939 USA 1 1982 STS MiSp
Aleksei Leonov † 1934 Russia 2 1965 - 1975 Voskhod; Soyuz; ASTP Pi
Fred Leslie 1951 USA 1 1995 STS MiSp
Anatoli Levchenko † 1941 Ukraine 1 1987 Soyuz-TM Mir Pi
Byron Lichtenberg 1948 USA 2 1983 - 1992 STS MiSp
Don Lind 1930 USA 1 1985 STS MiSp
Kjell Lindgren 1973 USA 1 2015 - Soyuz-TMA ISS MiSp
Steven Lindsey 1960 USA 5 1997 - 2011 STS ISS Pi
Jerry Linenger 1955 USA 2 1994 - 1997 STS Mir MiSp
Richard Linnehan 1957 USA 4 1996 - 2008 STS MiSp
Gregory Linteris 1957 USA 2 1997 STS MiSp
Liu Boming 1966 China 1 2008 - Shenzou Pi
Liu Wang 1969 China 1 2012 - Shenzou Tiangong 1 Pi
Liu Yang 1978 China 1 2012 - Shenzou Tiangong 1 MiSp; first female taikonaut
Paul Lockhart 1956 USA 2 2002 STS ISS Pi
Yuri Lonchakov 1965 Russia 3 2001 - 2009 STS; Soyuz-TMA ISS MiSp
Michael Lopez-Alegria 1958 USA 4 1995 - 2007 STS ISS MiSp
John (Mike) Lounge 1946 USA 3 1985 - 1990 STS MiSp
Jack Lousma 1936 USA 2 1973 - 1982 Apollo/Skylab 3; STS Skylab-1 Pi
Stanley Love 1965 USA 1 2008 STS ISS MiSp
James Lovell 1928 USA 4 1965 - 1970 Gemini; Apollo Pi; moon landing fails but Apollo 13 crew returns safely to Earth
George Low † 1956 USA 3 1990 - 1993 STS MiSp
Edward Lu 1963 USA 3 1997 - 2000 STS; Soyuz-TMA Mir; ISS MiSp
Shannon Lucid 1943 USA 5 1985 - 1996 STS Mir MiSp
Vladimir Lyakhov † 1941 Russia 3 1979 - 1988 Soyuz; Soyuz-T/-TM Salyut 6 & 7; Mir Pi
  M  
Steven MacLean 1954 Canada 2 1992 - 2006 STS ISS MiSp
Sandra Magnus 1964 USA 3 2002 - 2011 STS ISS MiSp
Oleg Makarov † 1933 Russia 4 1973 - 1980 Soyuz; Soyuz-T Salyut 6 MiSp
Yuri Malenchenko 1961 Ukraine 6 1994 - 2016 Soyuz-TM/-TMA; STS Mir; ISS Pi
Franco Malerba 1946 Italy 1 1992 STS MiSp
Yuri Malyshev † 1941 Russia 2 1980 - 1984 Soyuz-T Salyut 6 & 7 Pi
Gennadi Manakov 1950 Russia 2 1990 - 1993 Soyuz-TM Mir Pi
Musa Manarov 1951 Azerbaijan 2 1987 - 1990 Soyuz-TM Mir MiSp
Thomas Marshburn 1960 USA 2 2009 - STS; Soyuz-TMA ISS MiSp
Michael Massimino 1962 USA 2 2002 - 2009 STS MiSp
Richard Mastracchio 1960 USA 4 2000 - STS; Soyuz-TMA ISS MiSp
Thomas (Ken) Mattingly 1936 USA 3 1972 - 1985 Apollo; STS MiSp
Megan McArthur 1971 USA 2 2009 - STS; Dragon ISS MiSp
William McArthur 1951 USA 4 1993 - 2006 STS; Soyuz-TMA Mir; ISS MiSp
Sharon Christa McAuliffe † 1948 USA 1 1986 STS MiSp; died in shuttle Challenger explosion (STS 51-L)
Jon McBride 1943 USA 1 1984 STS Pi
Bruce McCandless † 1937 USA 2 1984 - 1990 STS MiSp
Anne McClain 1979 USA 1 2018 Soyuz-MS ISS MiSp
William McCool † 1961 USA 1 2003 STS Pi; died in shuttle Columbia re-entry accident (STS-107)
Michael McCulley 1943 USA 1 1989 STS Pi
James McDivitt 1929 USA 2 1965 - 1969 Gemini; Apollo Pi
Donald McMonagle 1952 USA 3 1991 - 1994 STS Pi
Ronald McNair † 1950 USA 2 1984 - 1986 STS MiSp; died in shuttle Challenger explosion (STS 51-L)
Carl Meade 1950 USA 3 1990 - 1994 STS MiSp
Jessica Meir 1977 USA 1 2019 - Soyuz-MS ISS MiSp
Bruce Melnick 1949 USA 2 1990 - 1992 STS MiSp
Pamela Melroy 1961 USA 2 2000 - 2007 STS ISS Pi
Leland Melvin 1964 USA 2 2008 - 2009 STS ISS MiSp
Ulf Merbold 1941 Germany 3 1983 - 1994 STS; Soyuz-TM Mir MiSp
Ernst Messerschmid 1945 Germany 1 1985 STS MiSp
Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger 1975 USA 1 2010 STS ISS MiSp
Aleksandr Misurkin 1977 Russia 2 2013 - Soyuz-TMA/-MS ISS MiSp
Edgar Mitchell † 1930 USA 1 1971 Apollo Pi
Andreas Mogensen 1976 Denmark 1 2015 - Soyuz-TMA ISS MiSp
Abdul Mohmand 1959 Afghanistan 1 1988 Soyuz-TM Mir MiSp
Mamoru Mohri 1948 Japan 2 1992 - 2000 STS MiSp
Andrew Morgan 1976 USA 1 2019 - Soyuz-MS ISS MiSp
Barbara Morgan 1951 USA 1 2007 STS ISS MiSp
Lee Morin 1952 USA 1 2002 STS ISS MiSp
Boris Morukov † 1950 Russia 1 2000 STS ISS MiSp
Chiaki Mukai 1952 Japan 2 1994 - 1998 STS MiSp; first Japanese woman in space
Richard (Mike) Mullane 1945 USA 3 1984 - 1990 STS MiSp
Talgat Musabayev 1951 Kazakhstan 3 1994 - 2001 Soyuz-TM Mir; ISS MiSp
Franklin (Story) Musgrave 1935 USA 6 1983 - 1996 STS MiSp
Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor 1972 Malaysia 1 2007 Soyuz-TMA ISS MiSp
  N  
Steven Nagel 1946 USA 4 1985 - 1993 STS Pi
Clarens (Bill) Nelson 1942 USA 1 1986 STS MiSp; then US Congressman
George (Pinky) Nelson 1950 USA 3 1984 - 1988 STS MiSp
Rodolfo Neri Vela 1952 Mexico 1 1985 STS MiSp
Paolo Nespoli 1957 Italy 3 2007 - 2017 STS; Soyuz-TMA/-MS ISS MiSp
James Newman 1956 USA 4 1993 - 2002 STS ISS MiSp
Claude Nicollier 1944 Switzerland 4 1992 - 1999 STS MiSp
Nie Haisheng 1964 China 2 2005 - Shenzhou Tiangong 1 Pi
Andrian Nikolayev † 1929 Russia 2 1962 - 1970 Vostok; Soyuz Pi
Soichi Noguchi 1965 Japan 3 2005 - STS; Soyuz-TMA; Dragon ISS MiSp
Carlos Noriega 1959 USA 2 1997 - 2000 STS Mir; ISS MiSp
Lisa Nowak 1963 USA 1 2006 STS ISS MiSp
Oleg Novitskiy 1971 Russia 2 2013 - Soyuz-TMA/-MS ISS MiSp
Karen Nyberg 1969 USA 2 2008 - STS; Soyuz-TMA ISS MiSp
  O  
Ellen Ochoa 1958 USA 4 1993 - 2002 STS ISS MiSp
Wubbo Ockels 1946 Netherlands 1 1985 STS MiSp
Bryan O'Connor 1946 USA 2 1985 - 1991 STS Pi
William (Bill) Oefelein 1965 USA 1 2006 STS ISS Pi
John Olivas 1965 USA 2 2007 - 2009 STS ISS MiSp
Gregory Olsen 1945 USA 1 2005 Soyuz-TMA ISS MiSp; third paying space tourist
Takuya Onishi 1975 Japan 1 2016 - Soyuz-MS ISS MiSp
Ellison Onizuka † 1946 USA 2 1985 - 1986 STS MiSp; died in shuttle Challenger explosion (STS 51-L)
Yuri Onufrienko 1961 Ukraine 2 1996 - 2002 Soyuz-TM; STS Mir; ISS MiSp
Stephen Oswald 1951 USA 3 1992 - 1995 STS Pi
Aleksey Ovchinin 1971 Russia 3 2016 - Soyuz-TMA/-MS ISS Pi; Soyuz MS-10 launch abort
Robert Overmyer † 1936 USA 2 1982 - 1985 STS Pi