Manned spaceflightAlmost 58 years of manned spaceflight since Juri Gagarin's epic journey into low Earth orbit on 12 April 1961 have seen 560 humans flying aboard spaceships ranging from simple capsules to complex orbiters, and then back to reliable capsules.
The Space Traveller Log provides an overview of all men and women who ventured into space whether for just one day, a full trip to the moon, or a months-long stay aboard one of the space stations orbiting our planet.
The second generation of spaceships still in service currently only comprise the Russian Soyuz-MS and Soyuz-TMA, following up on Soyuz-T and Soyuz-TM designs, and it's Chinese counterpart and derivative, the Shenzou capsule.
Next generation US space capsules, the SpaceX Crew Dragon 2 as well as Boeing's CST-100 Starliner, are both due to fly for the first time in 2019. These spacecraft have been developed in response to NASA's Commercial Crew Development (CCDev) programme.
The US Space Transportation System (STS), then better known as the Space Shuttle, seized operation in July 2011.
Complete mission logs of US American Mercury, Gemini & Apollo missions, as well as their Soviet counterparts, Vostok, Voskhod & Soyuz, round up coverage of human spaceflight from the early days.
Before the first US space travellers managed to orbit Earth, they briefly hopped into space on Suborbital astronaut wings flights aboard the famous, rocket-powered X-15 research aircraft, and early Mercury missions. Eventually back in 2004, first test flights of the privately-funded SpaceShipOne project, presumably paved the way for Space tourism in the 21st century.