Space Traveller Log Part 1: A - G Part 2: H - O Part 3: P - Z Stats and trivia Soyuz-T / TM /
TMA & MS
Shenzhou US Space Shuttle (STS) Columbia Accident Investigation Mercury, Gemini & Apollo Vostok, Voskhod & Soyuz Suborbital astronaut wings flights

Summary of Soyuz-TMA, Soyuz-TM and Soyuz-T missions

Note Scheduled and ongoing missions are highlighted in italics, respectively.
Throughout tables the European time format (day/month/year) is used; all times are UTC.

Last update: 11 February 2017

Mission Crew Mission duration (crew) Landing site Purpose / mission highlights / noticeable events
no. designation (up/down) lift-off landing    
 
Soyuz-MS  
1 Soyuz MS-01 3 / 3 07/07/2016 30/10/2016 Kazakhstan ISS AF-47S
2 Soyuz MS-02 3 / 3 19/10/2016 25/02/2017 Kazakhstan ISS AF-48S
3 Soyuz MS-03 3 / 3 17/11/2016 15/05/2017 Kazakhstan ISS AF-49S
4 Soyuz MS-04 2 / 3 27/03/2017 Sep 2017 Kazakhstan ISS AF-50S
5 Soyuz MS-05 3 / 3 29/05/2017 27/10/2017 Kazakhstan ISS AF-51S
 

Mission Crew Mission duration (crew) Landing site Purpose / mission highlights / noticeable events
no. designation (up/down) lift-off landing    
 
Soyuz-TMA  
1 Soyuz TMA-1 3 / 3 30/10/2002 04/05/2003 Kazakhstan taxi flight no. 4; first flight of improved Soyuz TMA spacecraft; crew return with Soyuz TM-34
2 Soyuz TMA-2 2 / 3 26/04/2003 27/10/2003 Kazakhstan two-man replacement crew 7 for ISS; mission 6S
3 Soyuz TMA-3 3 / 3 18/10/2003 30/04/2004 Kazakhstan two-man replacement Expedition Crew 8 for ISS, plus taxi flight participant; mission 7S; P. Duque returning together with Y. Malenchenko and E. Lu aboard Soyuz TMA-2
4 Soyuz TMA-4 3 / 3 19/04/2004 24/10/2004 Kazakhstan two-man replacement Expedition Crew 9 for ISS, plus taxi flight participant; mission 8S; A. Kuipers returning together with A. Kaleri and M. Foale aboard Soyuz TMA-3
5 Soyuz TMA-5 3 / 3 14/10/2004 24/04/2005 Kazakhstan two-man replacement 'caretaker' Expedition Crew 10 for ISS, plus taxi flight participant; mission 9S; Y. Shargin returning together with M. Fincke and G. Padalka aboard Soyuz TMA-4
6 Soyuz TMA-6 3 / 3 15/04/2005 11/10/2005 Kazakhstan two-man replacement 'caretaker' Expedition Crew 11 for ISS, plus taxi flight participant; mission 10S; R. Vittori returning together with L. Chiao and S. Sharipov aboard Soyuz TMA-5
7 Soyuz TMA-7 3 / 3 01/10/2005 08/04/2006 Kazakhstan two-man replacement 'caretaker' Expedition Crew 12 for ISS, plus taxi flight participant; mission 11S; G. Olsen returning together with S. Krikalev and J. Philips aboard Soyuz TMA-6
8 Soyuz TMA-8 3 / 3 30/03/2006 29/09/2006 Kazakhstan two-man replacement Expedition Crew 13 for ISS, plus taxi flight participant; mission 12S; M. Pontes returning together with W. McArthur and V. Tokarev aboard Soyuz TMA-7
9 Soyuz TMA-9 3 / 3 18/09/2006 21/04/2007 Kazakhstan two-man replacement Expedition Crew 14 for ISS, plus taxi flight participant; mission 13S; A. Ansari returning together with P. Vinogradov and J. Williams aboard Soyuz TMA-8
10 Soyuz TMA-10 3 / 3 07/04/2007 21/10/2007 Kazakhstan two-man replacement Expedition Crew 15 for ISS, plus taxi flight participant; mission 14S; C. Simonyi returning together with M. Lopez-Alegria and M. Tyurin aboard Soyuz TMA-9
11 Soyuz TMA-11 3 / 3 10/10/2007 20/04/2008 Kazakhstan two-man replacement Expedition Crew 16 for ISS, plus taxi flight participant; mission 15S; Sheik Muszaphar Shukor returning together with O. Kotov and F. Jurtchichin aboard Soyuz TMA-10
12 Soyuz TMA-12 3 / 3 08/04/2008 24/10/2008 Kazakhstan two-man replacement Expedition Crew 17 for ISS, plus taxi flight participant; mission 16S; Yi Se-yeon returning together with Y. Malenchenko and P. Whitson aboard Soyuz TMA-11
13 Soyuz TMA-13 3 / 3 12/10/2008 08/04/2009 Kazakhstan three-man replacement Expedition Crew 18 for ISS; mission 17S; R. Garriott returning together with S. Volkov and O. Kononenko aboard Soyuz TMA-12
14 Soyuz TMA-14 3 / 3 26/03/2009 11/10/2009 Kazakhstan two-man replacement Expedition Crew 19 for ISS, plus taxi flight participant; mission 18S; C. Simonyi returning together with Y. Lonchakov and M. Fincke aboard Soyuz TMA-13
15 Soyuz TMA-15 3 / 3 27/05/2009 01/12/2009 Kazakhstan three-man replacement Expedition Crew 20 for ISS; mission 19S
16 Soyuz TMA-16 3 / 3 30/09/2009 18/03/2010 Kazakhstan two-man replacement Expedition Crew 21 for ISS, plus taxi flight participant; mission 20S; G. Laliberté returning together with G. Padalka and M. Barratt aboard Soyuz TMA-14
17 Soyuz TMA-17 3 / 3 20/12/2009 02/06/2010 Kazakhstan ISS AF-21S
18 Soyuz TMA-18 3 / 3 02/04/2010 25/09/2010 Kazakhstan ISS AF-22S
19 Soyuz TMA-19 3 / 3 15/06/2010 26/11/2010 Kazakhstan ISS AF-23S
20 Soyuz TMA-01M 3 / 3 07/10/2010 16/03/2011 Kazakhstan first test flight of digital capsule; ISS AF-24S
21 Soyuz TMA-20 3 / 3 15/12/2010 24/05/2011 Kazakhstan ISS AF-25S
22 Soyuz TMA-21 3 / 3 04/04/2011 16/09/2011 Kazakhstan ISS AF-26S
23 Soyuz TMA-02M 3 / 3 07/06/2011 22/11/2011 Kazakhstan second test flight of digital capsule; ISS AF-27S
24 Soyuz TMA-22 3 / 3 14/11/2011 27/04/2012 Kazakhstan ISS AF-28S
25 Soyuz TMA-03M 3 / 3 21/12/2011 01/07/2012 Kazakhstan ISS AF-29S
26 Soyuz TMA-04M 3 / 3 15/05/2012 17/09/2012 Kazakhstan ISS AF-30S
27 Soyuz TMA-05M 3 / 3 15/07/2012 19/11/2012 Kazakhstan ISS AF-31S
28 Soyuz TMA-06M 3 / 3 23/10/2012 16/03/2013 Kazakhstan ISS AF-32S
29 Soyuz TMA-07M 3 / 3 21/12/2012 14/05/2013 Kazakhstan ISS AF-33S
30 Soyuz TMA-08M 3 / 3 28/03/2013 11/09/2013 Kazakhstan ISS AF-34S
31 Soyuz TMA-09M 3 / 3 28/05/2013 11/11/2013 Kazakhstan ISS AF-35S
32 Soyuz TMA-10M 3 / 3 25/09/2013 12/03/2014 Kazakhstan ISS AF-36S
33 Soyuz TMA-11M 3 / 3 07/11/2013 14/05/2014 Kazakhstan ISS AF-37S
34 Soyuz TMA-12M 3 / 3 25/03/2014 11/09/2014 Kazakhstan ISS AF-38S
35 Soyuz TMA-13M 3 / 3 28/05/2014 10/11/2014 Kazakhstan ISS AF-39S
36 Soyuz TMA-14M 3 / 3 25/09/2014 12/03/2015 Kazakhstan ISS AF-40S
37 Soyuz TMA-15M 3 / 3 23/11/2014 16/05/2015 Kazakhstan ISS AF-41S
38 Soyuz TMA-16M 3 / 3 27/03/2015 12/09/2015 Kazakhstan ISS AF-42S
39 Soyuz TMA-17M 3 / 3 24/07/2015 22/12/2015 Kazakhstan ISS AF-43S
40 Soyuz TMA-18M 3 / 3 02/09/2015 02/03/2016 Kazakhstan ISS AF-44S
41 Soyuz TMA-19M 3 / 3 15/12/2015 05/06/2016 Kazakhstan ISS AF-45S
42 Soyuz TMA-20M 3 / 3 18/03/2016 07/09/2016 Kazakhstan ISS AF-46S
 

Mission Crew Mission duration (crew) Landing site Purpose / mission highlights / noticeable events
no. designation (up/down) lift-off landing    
 
Soyuz-TM  
1 Soyuz TM-2 2 / 3 05/02/1987 30/07/1987; 29/12/1987 Kazakhstan; Kazakhstan first long endurance mission on Mir space station (EO-02 expedition crew); new long endurance record by J. Romanenko who returns with Soyuz TM-3 while A. Lavejkin returns with Soyuz TM-2
2 Soyuz TM-3 3 / 3 22/07/1987 30/07/1987; 29/12/1987 Kazakhstan 12th international crew with Syrian cosmonaut (M.A. Faris); A. Alexandrov returns with Soyuz TM-3 while the other two cosmonauts return with Soyuz TM-2
3 Soyuz TM-4 3 / 3 21/12/1987 29/12/1987; 21/12/1988 Kazakhstan; Kazakhstan third long endurance mission on Mir space station (EO-03 expedition crew); new record for V. Titov and M. Manarov; they return with Soyuz TM-6, while A. Levtshenko returns with Soyuz TM-3
4 Soyuz TM-5 3 / 2 07/06/1988 17/06/1988 Kazakhstan 13th international mission with Bulgarian cosmonaut (A. Aleksandrov)
5 Soyuz TM-6 3 / 3 29/08/1988 05/09/1988; 27/04/1989 Kazakhstan; Kazakhstan long endurance visit for V. Poljakov who returns with Soyuz TM-7 while the other two cosmonauts return with Soyuz TM-5
6 Soyuz TM-7 3 / 2 26/11/1988 21/12/1988; 27/04/1989 Kazakhstan; Kazakhstan EO-04 expedition crew; 14th international mission with reflight of French cosmonaut (J.-L. Chretien) who returns with Soyuz TM-6 while the others return with Soyuz TM-7
7 Soyuz TM-8 2 / 1 05/09/1989 18/02/1990 Kazakhstan EO-05 expedition crew; Mir space station is extended with new Quant-2 module
8 Soyuz TM-9 2 / 2 11/02/1990 09/08/1990 Kazakhstan EO-06 expedition crew; Soyuz TM-9 suffers damage to heat shield during lift-off; Mir is extended with Crystal module
9 Soyuz TM-10 2 / 2 01/08/1990 10/12/1990 Kazakhstan EO-07 expedition crew; over 250 experiments and two EVAs
10 Soyuz TM-11 3 / 3 02/12/1990 10/12/1990; 17/12/1990 Kazakhstan; Kazakhstan EO-08 expedition crew; 15th international mission with Japanese cosmonaut (T. Akiyama) who returns with Soyuz TM-10 while the others return with Soyuz TM-11
11 Soyuz TM-12 3 / 3 18/05/1991 26/05/1991; 10/10/1991; 25/03/1992 Kazakhstan; Kazakhstan; Kazakhstan EO-09 expedition crew; six EVAs; 16th international mission with female British cosmonaut (H. Sharman) who solely returns with Soyuz TM-8; S. Krikalyov returns on Soyuz-TM 13; A. Artsebarski on Soyuz-TM 12
12 Soyuz TM-13 3 / 3 02/10/1991 10/10/1991; 25/03/1992 Kazakhstan; Kazakhstan EO-10 expedition crew; one EVA; 17th international mission with Austrian cosmonaut (F. Viehboeck) who returns with Soyuz-TM 12; A. Volkov stays on Mir
13 Soyuz TM-14 3 / 3 17/03/1992 25/03/1992; 10/08/1992 Kazakhstan; Kazakhstan EO-11 expedition crew; one EVA; K.-D. Flade returned together with A. Volkov and S. Krikalyov on Soyuz-TM 13
14 Soyuz TM-15 3 / 2 27/07/1992 10/08/1992; 01/02/1993 Kazakhstan; Kazakhstan EO-12 expedition crew; four EVAs; M. Tognini returned together with A. Kaleri and A. Viktorenko on Soyuz-TM 14
15 Soyuz TM-16 2 / 3 24/01/1993 22/07/1993 Kazakhstan EO-13 expedition crew; two EVAs; returned together with J.-P. Haignere
16 Soyuz TM-17 3 / 2 01/07/1993 22/07/1993; 14/01/1994 Kazakhstan; Kazakhstan EO-14 expedition crew; five EVAs; J.-P. Haignere returned together with G. Manakov and A. Polishchuk on Soyuz-TM 16
17 Soyuz TM-18 3 / 2 08/01/1994 09/07/1994; 22/03/1995 Arkalyk;
Arkalyk
EO-15 expedition crew; V. Polyakov returned together with Y. Kondakova and A. Viktorenko on Soyuz-TM 20
18 Soyuz TM-19 2 / 3 01/07/1994 04/11/1994 Kazakhstan EO-16 expedition crew; two EVAs; returned together with U. Merbold
19 Soyuz TM-20 3 / 3 03/10/1994 04/11/1994; 22/03/1995 Kazakhstan; Arkalyk EO-17 expedition crew; returned together with V. Polyakov; U. Merbold returned together with Y. Malenchenko and T. Musabayev on Soyuz-TM 19
20 Soyuz TM-21 3 / 2 14/03/1995 07/07/1995; 11/09/1995 Kennedy SC; Arkalyk EO-18 expedition crew; five EVAs; on 14/03/95 a total of thirteen people were in space at the same time (Mir, Shuttle and Soyuz) - still a record; the EO-19 crew A. Solovyov and A. Budarin returned on Soyuz-TM 21 while the EO-18 crew returned aboard Space Shuttle STS-71
21 Soyuz TM-22 3 / 3 03/09/1995 29/02/1996 Kazakhstan EO-20 expedition crew; three EVAs
22 Soyuz TM-23 2 / 3 21/02/1996 02/09/1996 Kazakhstan exepedition crew members returned together with French cosmonaut C. Andre-Deshays
23 Soyuz TM-24 3 / 3 17/08/1996 02/09/1996; 02/03/1997 Kazakhstan; Arkalyk Cassiopee mission with female cosmonaut, who returned together with Y. Onufrienko and Y. Usachyov on Soyuz-TM 23; expedition crew returned together with R. Ewald
24 Soyuz TM-25 3 / 2 10/02/1997 02/03/1997; 14/08/1997 Arkalyk; Kazakhstan severe fire and other mishaps on Mir; retro rockets failed on touchdown, resulting in a very rough landing; R. Ewald returned together with A. Kaleri and V. Korzun on Soyuz-TM 24
25 Soyuz TM-26 2 / 3 05/08/1997 19/02/1998 Kazakhstan expedition crew members returned together with L. Eyharts
26 Soyuz TM-27 3 / 3 29/01/1998 19/02/1998; 25/08/1999 Kazakhstan; Arkalyk expedition crew returned together with Y. Baturin; L. Eyharts returned together with A. Solovyov and P. Vinogradov on Soyuz-TM 26
27 Soyuz TM-28 3 / 2 13/08/1998 25/08/1998; 28/02/1999; 28/08/1999 Arkalyk; Kazakhstan; Chapayenka Y. Baturin returned together with T. Musabayev and N. Budarin on Soyuz-TM 27; G. Padalka returned together with I. Bella; S. Avdeyev returned on Soyuz-TM 29 as member of the last operational crew
28 Soyuz TM-29 3 / 3 20/02/1999 28/02/1999; 28/08/1999 Kazakhstan; Chapayenka last operational Mir crew; I. Bella returned together with G. Padalka on Soyuz-TM 28; expedition crew returned together with S. Avdeyev
29 Soyuz TM-30 2 / 2 04/04/2000 15/06/2000 Arkalyk reactivation of Mir station to prepare for controlled de-orbit; last cosmonauts on Mir
30 Soyuz TM-31 3 / 3 30/10/2000 21/03/2001 Kennedy SC first ISS Expedition Crew; 115 day mission schedule; docking to ISS on 02/11/2000; ISS Assembly Flight 2R; Expedition Crew 1 returned aboard STS-102 which transported Expedition Crew 2 to ISS
31 Soyuz TM-32 3 / 3 28/04/2001 06/05/2001 Arkalyk first paying tourist in space/aboard ISS; US billionaire Dennis Tito returns with fellow crew members aboard Soyuz-TM 31
32 Soyuz TM-33 3 / 3 21/10/2001 31/10/2001 Kazakhstan taxi crew 3; returned aboard Soyuz-TM 32
33 Soyuz TM-34 3 / 3 25/04/2002 05/05/2002 Kazakhstan taxi crew 4; second space tourist to ISS (Mark Shuttleworth); returned aboard Soyuz-TM 33
 

Mission Crew Mission duration (crew) Landing site Purpose / mission highlights / noticeable events
no. designation (up/down) lift-off landing    
 
Soyuz-T  
1 Soyuz T-2 2 / 2 05/06/1980 09/06/1980 Kazakhstan automatic docking of new Soyuz-T spacecraft to Salyut-6 fails, but manual docking succeeds
2 Soyuz T-3 3 / 3 27/11/1980 10/12/1980 Kazakhstan crew repairs and checks Salyut-6 space station for further missions to follow
3 Soyuz T-4 2 / 2 12/03/1981 26/05/1981 Kazakhstan last long endurance mission on Salyut-6 space station; 16th and final crew on Salyut-6
4 Soyuz T-5 2 / 3 13/05/1982 10/12/1982 Kazakhstan first mission on Salyut-7 space station; new long endurance record; crew returns with Soyuz T-7
5 Soyuz T-6 3 / 3 24/06/1982 01/07/1982 Kazakhstan first international mission to Salyut-7 with French cosmonaut (Jean-Loup Chretien)
6 Soyuz T-7 3 / 2 19/08/1982 27/08/1982 Kazakhstan second Russian woman (Svetlana Savitskaya) in orbit; crew returns with Soyuz T-5
7 Soyuz T-8 3 / 3 20/04/1983 22/04/1983 Kazakhstan automatic docking to Salyut-7 fails due to damaged antenna and mission is aborted
8 Soyuz T-9 2 / 2 27/06/1983 23/11/1983 Kazakhstan second long endurance mission on Salyut-7; station is hit by meteor fragments (25/07/1983)
9 Soyuz T-10A 2 27/09/1983 - - rocket blew up on launch pad; crew escapes with rescue system six seconds before explosion
10 Soyuz T-10B 3 / 3 08/02/1984 02/10/1984 Kazakhstan third long endurance mission on Salyut-7; new long endurance record; crew returns with Soyuz T-11
11 Soyuz T-11 3 / 3 03/04/1984 11/04/1984 Kazakhstan 11th international mission with Indian cosmonaut (Rakesh Sharman); crew returns with Soyuz T-10B
12 Soyuz T-12 3 / 3 17/07/1984 29/07/1984 Kazakhstan first reflight and EVA of female astronaut (Svetlana Savitskaya)
13 Soyuz T-13 2 / 3 06/06/1985 26/09/1985; 21/11/1985 Kazakhstan; Kazakhstan intensive overhaul and repair of Salyut-7 space station; V. Dshanibekov returns with Soyuz T-13, while V. Savinych returns with Soyuz T-14
14 Soyuz T-14 3 / 2 17/09/1985 26/09/1985; 21/11/1985 Kazakhstan; Kazakhstan crew suffers from poisoned food which leads to early termination of mission; emergency return of G. Gretshko with Soyuz T-13, while V. Vasjutin and A. Volkov return with Soyuz T-14
15 Soyuz T-15 2 / 2 13/03/1986 16/07/1986 Kazakhstan first visit to much larger space station Mir (EO-01 expedition crew); together with Salyut-7 two Russian stations in orbit; Soyuz T-15 undocked from Mir on 05/05/1986 and rendezvoused with the dead Salyut 7 station