Space Traveller Log Part 1: A - G Part 2: H - O Part 3: P - Z Stats and trivia Soyuz-T / TM /
TMA & MS
Shenzhou US Space Shuttle (STS) Columbia Accident Investigation Mercury, Gemini & Apollo Vostok, Voskhod & Soyuz Suborbital astronaut wings flights

Summary of Mercury, Gemini and Apollo missions

Note Throughout tables the European time format (day/month/year) is used; all times are UTC.

Mission Spacecraft Crew Mission duration [UTC] Landing site  Purpose / mission highlights / noticeable events
no. designation (nick name)   lift-off landing    
 
Mercury  
1 MR-3 Freedom 7 1 05/05/1961 05/05/1961 Atlantic ballistic test flight of 15 min duration; Redstone rocket; landing only 486 km downrange; Alan Shepard
2 MR-4 Liberty Bell 7 1 21/07/1961 21/07/1961 Atlantic ballistic test flight of 16 min duration; Redstone rocket; landing only 420 km downrange; Virgil Grissom
3 MA-6 Friendship 7 1 20/02/1962 20/02/1962 Atlantic first orbital flight (1 orbit) of 4 hrs 55 min duration; Mercury-Atlas rocket; John Glenn
4 MA-7 Aurora 7 1 24/05/1962 24/05/1962 Atlantic second orbital flight (1 orbit) of 4 hrs 56 min duration; Scott Carpenter
5 MA-8 Sigma 7 1 03/10/1962 03/10/1962 Pacific third orbital flight (6 orbits) of 9 hrs 13 min duration; Walter Schirra
6 MA-9 Faith 7 1 15/05/1963 16/05/1963 Pacific fourth orbital and last Mercury flight (22 orbits) of 1 day 10 hrs 19 min duration; Gordon Cooper
 

Mission Spacecraft Crew Mission duration [UTC] Landing site  Purpose / mission highlights / noticeable events
no. designation (nick name)   lift-off landing    
 
Gemini  
1 Gemini 3 Molly Brown 2 23/03/1965 23/03/1965 Atlantic first two men crew test flight of 4 hrs 53 min duration; Titan-II rocket; Virgil Grissom, John Young
2 Gemini IV - 2 03/06/1965 07/06/1965 Atlantic first US extravehicular activity (EVA) by Ed White; 62 orbits; James McDivitt, Edward White
3 Gemini V - 2 21/08/1965 28/08/1965 Atlantic first weeklong mission; rendezvous with Agena fails; 120 orbits; Gordon Cooper, Charles Conrad
4 Gemini VII - 2 04/12/1966 18/12/1966 Atlantic double mission with Gemini-6; rendezvous up to 0.3 m distance; Frank Bormann, James Lovell
5 Gemini VI-A - 2 15/12/1966 16/12/1966 Atlantic 7.5 hrs formation flight with Gemini VII; several mission delays; Walter Schirra, Thomas Stafford
6 Gemini VIII - 2 16/03/1966 16/03/1966 Atlantic first docking with Agena; critically tumbling spacecraft teminates mission; Neil Armstrong, David Scott
7 Gemini IX-A - 2 03/06/1966 06/06/1966 Atlantic three rendezvous manoeuvres with Agena; troublesome EVA; Thomas Stafford, Eugene Cernan
8 Gemini X - 2 18/07/1966 21/07/1966 Atlantic several successful docking and rendezvous manoeuvres with Agena; John Young, Michael Collins
9 Gemini XI - 2 12/09/1966 15/09/1966 Atlantic successful repeat of Gemini X mission; troublesome EVAs; Charles Conrad, Richard Gordon
10 Gemini XII - 2 11/11/1966 15/11/1966 Atlantic final and most successful Gemini flight preparing for Apollo programme; James Lovell, Edwin Aldrin
 

Mission Spacecraft Crew Mission duration [UTC] Landing site  Purpose / mission highlights / noticeable events
no. designation (nick name)   lift-off landing    
 
Apollo  
- Apollo 1 - 3 (27/01/1967) - - catastrophic fire during ground test kills astronauts Virgil Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chafee
1 Apollo 7 - 3 11/10/1968 22/10/1968 Atlantic first three man spacecraft; Saturn 1B rocket; Walter Schirra, Donn Eisele, Walter Cunningham
2 Apollo 8 - 3 21/12/1968 27/12/1968 Pacific first manned voyage to the moon; Saturn V rocket; Frank Bormann, James Lovell, William Anders
3 Apollo 9 Gumdrop / Spider 3 03/03/1969 13/03/1969 Atlantic all rendezvous manoeuvres in moon orbit tested; James McDivitt, David Scott, Russell Schweickart
4 Apollo 10 Charlie Brown / Snoopy 3 18/05/1969 26/05/1969 Pacific moon voyage including simulated descent; Eugene Cernan, John Young, Thomas Stafford
5 Apollo 11 Columbia / Eagle 3 16/07/1969 23/07/1969 Pacific first successful landing on moon; Neil Armstrong (1st), Edwin Aldrin (2nd), Michael Collins
6 Apollo 12 Yankee Clipper / Intrepid 3 14/11/1969 24/11/1969 Pacific second moon landing; lightning strike after lift-off; Charles Conrad, Alan Bean, Richard Gordon
7 Apollo 13 Odyssee / Aquarius 3 11/04/1970 17/04/1970 Pacific oxygen tank explodes on the way to the moon; James Lovell, John Swigert and Fred Haise rescued
8 Apollo 14 Kitty Hawk / Antares 3 31/01/1971 08/02/1971 Pacific third successful landing on moon; Alan Shepard, Edgar Mitchell, Stuart Roosa
9 Apollo 15 Endeavour / Falcon 3 26/07/1971 07/08/1971 Pacific fourth moon landing and first use of lunar rover; David Scott, James Irwin, Alfred Worden
10 Apollo 16 Casper / Orion 3 16/04/1972 27/04/1972 Pacific fifth moon landing and second use of lunar rover; John Young, Charles Duke, Thomas Mattingly
11 Apollo 17 America / Challenger 3 07/12/1972 19/12/1972 Pacific final and longest successful moon mission; Eugene Cernan, Harrison Schmitt, Ronald Evans
12 Skylab 2 - 3 25/05/1973 22/06/1973 Pacific docking to first US space station Skylab-1; Charles Conrad, Joseph Kerwin, Paul Weitz
13 Skylab 3 - 3 28/07/1973 26/09/1973 Pacific second visit to Skylab-1; more than 13 hrs EVA; Alan Bean, Owen Garriott, Jack Lousma
14 Skylab 4 - 3 16/11/1973 08/02/1974 Pacific final and record breaking (long endurance) Skylab-1 visit; Gerald Carr, Edward Gibson, William Pogue
15 Apollo ASTP - 3 15/07/1975 24/07/1975 Pacific only rendezvous with Russian spacecraft (Soyuz-19); Thomas Stafford, Vance Brand, Donald Slayton