Space Traveller Log Part 1: A - G Part 2: H - O Part 3: P - Z Stats and trivia Soyuz-T / TM /
TMA & MS
Shenzhou US Space Shuttle (STS) Columbia Accident Investigation Mercury, Gemini & Apollo Vostok, Voskhod & Soyuz Suborbital astronaut wings flights

Summary of suborbital astronaut wings flights

Rocket-powered aircraft (prototypes)

 Note Only two X-15 flights, both performed by Joseph Walker, reached over 100 km (62.137 mi or 328,084 ft) according to the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) definition.
Astronaut wings flights, according to the USAF definition, exceeded 50 miles (80.467 km or 264,000 ft) altitude.

No. Pilot's name Total
flights
Date of
record flight
Aircraft Flight
no.
Max. altitude
(apogee)
Remarks
 
1 Michael J. Adams † 1 15/11/1967 X-15A 191 81,080 m Fatal accident, aircraft destroyed. After reaching peak altitude, X-15A spun out of control and ultimately disintegrated.
Max. speed: 5,744 km/h
2 Brian Binnie 1 04/10/2004 SpaceShipOne SS1 17P 111,996 m Second successful flight to win Ansari X Prize; unofficial world altitude record.
3 William H. Dana † 2 01/11/1966 X-15A 174 93,540 m Max. speed: 6,034 km/h
21/08/1968 197 81,530 m Max. speed: 5,440 km/h
4 Joseph Engle 3 29/06/1965 X-15A 138 85,527 m Max. speed: 5,522 km/h
10/08/1965 143 82,601 m Max. speed: 5,712 km/h
14/10/1965 153 81,230 m Max. speed: 5,718 km/h
5 William (Pete) Knight † 1 17/10/1967 X-15A 190 85,500 m Max. speed: 6,204 km/h; made the fastest X-15 flight (no. 188, 03/10/1967) ever, reaching 7,273 km/h (Mach 6.7)
6 John B. McKay † 1 28/09/1965 X-15A 150 90,099 m Max. speed: 6,005 km/h
7 Mike Melvill 2 21/06/2004 SpaceShipOne SS1 15P 100,124 m First private astronaut wings flight.
29/09/2004 16P 102,922 m First successful flight required to win Ansari X Prize.
8 Joseph Walker † 3 17/01/1963 X-15A 77 82,810 m Max. speed: 5,917 km/h; first civilian flight above 80 km.
19/07/1963 90 106,010 m Max. speed: 5,969 km/h; first of only two X-15 astronaut flights according to FAI definition.
22/08/1963 91 107,960 m Max. speed: 6,105 km/h
9 Robert M. White † 1 17/07/1962 X-15A 62 95,940 m Then official FAI world altitude record; max. speed: 6,166 km/h